Summary Translation: State Council Institutional Reform Plan

Mar 13, 2018 · 1365 words · 3-minute read #china #state council #government document #law #translation

China’s State Council submitted a major reorganization plan to the 13th National People’s Congress for deliberations on March 13. I summarize the changes below. Please refer to state media for any updates.

Changes to State Council Departments

Existing New
  • Ministry of Land and Resources
  • State Oceanic Administration
  • State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping Geographic Information
  • NDRC’s Functions of Planning Priority Development Zones
  • Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development’s Urban and Rural Planning Functions
  • Ministry of Water Resources’ Water Resource Investigation and Rights Registration Functions
  • Ministry of Agriculture’s Grassland Investigation and Rights Registration Functions
  • State Forestry Administration’s Forrest and Wetlands Investigation and Rights Registration Functions
Ministry of Natural Resources
  • Retain the name State Oceanic Administration for external purposes
  • Ministry of Environmental Protection
  • NDRC’s Climate Change and Emission Reduction Functions
  • Ministry of Land and Resources’ Groundwater Anti-Pollution Functions
  • Ministry of Water Resources’ Various Anti-Pollution Functions
  • Ministry of Agriculture’s Anti-Pollution Functions
  • State Oceanic Administration of Ocean Environmental Protection Functions
  • State Council Three Gorges Project Construction Committee’s Anti-Pollution Functions
  • State Council “South-to-North” Water Diversion Project Construction Committee’s Anti-Pollution Functions
Ministry of Ecological Environment
  • Retain the name National Nuclear Safety Administration for external purposes
  • Ministry of Agriculture
  • NDRC’s Agriculture Investment Projects
  • Ministry of Finance’s Comprehensive Agriculture Development Projects
  • Ministry of Land and Resources’ Comprehensive Farmland Improvement Projects
  • Ministry of Water Resources’ Functions of Managing the Irrigation and Water Conservancy Construction Projects
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
  • Ministry of Transport
  • Ministry of Agriculture’s Functions of Supervising, Managing, and Inspecting Fishing Vessel
Ministry of Transport
  • Ministry of Culture
  • National Tourism Administration
Ministry of Culture and Tourism
  • National Health and Family Planning Commission
  • State Council Leading Group for Deepening the Reform of the Medical and Health System
  • Office of the National Committee on Aging
  • Ministry of Industry and Information Technology’s Implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Functions
  • State Administration of Work Safety’s Functions of Supervising and Managing Work Safety and Health
  • China Association on Aging (under the Administration of the Ministry of Civil Affairs)
  • State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine
National Health Commission
  • Retain the Office of the National Committee on Aging but as a sub-department
  • Retain the China Association on Aging but as a sub-department
  • Retain the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine but as a sub-department
  • Ministry of Civil Affairs’ Veterans Settlement Functions
  • Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security’s Veterans’ Re-Employment Functions
  • Central Military Commission’s Political Work Department, Logistics Department
Ministry of Veterans Affairs
  • State Administration of Work Safety
  • State Council Office’s Emergency Management Duties
  • Ministry of Public Security’s Emergency Management Duties
  • Ministry of Civil Affairs’ Emergency Management Duties
  • Ministry of Land and Resources’ Emergency Management Duties
  • Ministry of Water Resources’ Emergency Management Duties
  • Ministry of Agriculture’s Emergency Management Duties
  • State Forestry Administration’s Emergency Management Duties
  • Seismological Bureau of China’s Emergency Management Duties
  • State Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters
  • National Committee for Disaster Reduction
  • State Earthquake and Disaster Relief Headquarters
  • National Forest Fire Prevention Headquarters
Ministry of Emergency Management
  • Retain the Seismological Bureau of China but as a sub-department
  • Retain the State Administration of Coal Mine Safety but as a sub-department
  • Manage core emergency forces made up of public security firefighters and armed police specializing in forest fires
  • Ministry of Science and Technology
  • National Bureau of Foreign Experts
  • National Science Foundation Committee
Ministry of Science and Technology
  • Ministry of Justice
  • State Council Legislative Affairs Office
Ministry of Justice
  • Retain the name of National Bureau of Foreign Experts for external purposes
  • Ministry of Water Resources
  • State Council Three Gorges Project Construction Committee
  • State Council “South-to-North” Water Diversion Project Construction Committee
Ministry of Water Resources
  • National Audit Office
  • NDRC’s Functions of Inspecting Major Projects
  • Ministry of Finance’s Functions of Supervising Central Government Spending and Other Fiscal Revenue and Expenditure
  • State Council State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC)’s Functions of Auditing the Financial Responsibility of Leading Cadres in State-owned Enterprises
  • SASAC’s Board of Supervisors of Key, Large State-owned Enterprises
National Audit Office
  • Ministry of Supervision
  • National Bureau for Corruption Prevention
Supervision Commission

State Council Department Names

The new State Council will have 26 departments, in addition to the Office of the State Council. Below are the official English translations of their names, per state media Xinhua.

English Chinese
Ministry of Foreign Affairs 外交部
Ministry of National Defense 国防部
National Development and Reform Commission 国家发展和改革委员会
Ministry of Education 教育部
Ministry of Science and Technology 科学技术部
Ministry of Industry and Information Technology 工业和信息化部
State Ethnic Affairs Commission 国家民族事务委员会
Ministry of Public Security 公安部
Ministry of State Security 国家安全部
Ministry of Civil Affairs 民政部
Ministry of Justice 司法部
Ministry of Finance 财政部
Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security 人力资源和社会保障部
Ministry of Natural Resources 自然资源部
Ministry of Ecological Environment 生态环境部
Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development 住房和城乡建设部
Ministry of Transport 交通运输部
Ministry of Water Resources 水利部
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs 农业农村部
Ministry of Commerce 商务部
Ministry of Culture and Tourism 文化和旅游部
National Health Commission 国家卫生健康委员会
Ministry of Veterans Affairs 退役军人事务部
Ministry of Emergency Management 应急管理部
People’s Bank of China 人民银行
National Audit Office 审计署

Changes to Other State Council Organizations

English names of newly established organizations are my translations and will be updated as soon as there’s an official announcement.

Existing New
  • State Administration for Industry and Commerce
  • General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine
  • China Food and Drug Administration
  • NDRC’s Price Supervision and Antitrust Enforcement Functions
  • Ministry of Commerce’s Antitrust Enforcement Functions
  • SC’s Office of Antitrust Committee
    State Market Supervision Administration
    • Also create a China Drug Administration (CDA), but as a sub-department and only at the national and the provincial level. Drug sales will be supervised by the municipal- and county-level market regulator
    State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television (SAPPRFT) State Administration of Radio, Film and Television (SARFT)
    • China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC)
    • China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC)
      China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission (CBIRC)
      • People’s Bank of China
      • CBRC and CIRC’s Responsibilities for Formulating Major Laws and Basic Regulatory Systems
      People’s Bank of China
      • Ministry of Commerce’s Foreign Aid Functions
      • Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ Foreign Aid Coordination Functions
      State Administration of International Development Cooperation (SAIDC)
      • The SAIDC falls under the State Council
      • Work will be carried out by relevant departments themselves
      • State Administration of Grain
      • NDRC’s Functions of Managing Material Reserves and Grain
      • Ministry of Civil Affairs’ Functions of Managing Material Reserves and Grain
      • Ministry of Commerce’s Functions of Managing Material Reserves and Grain
      • National Energy Administration’s Functions of Managing Material Reserves and Grain
      State Administration of Grain and Material Reserves
      • Under the administration of the NDRC
      Ministry of Public Security’s Immigration Control and Border Inspection Functions State Immigration Administration
      • Under the administration of the Ministry of Public Security
      • State Forestry Administration
      • Ministry of Agriculture’s Functions of Grassland Management, of Managing Nature Reserves, Scenic Areas, Natural Heritage, and Geological Parks
      • Ministry of Land and Resources’ Functions of Managing Nature Reserves, Scenic Areas, Natural Heritage, and Geological Parks
      • Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development’s Functions of Managing Nature Reserves, Scenic Areas, Natural Heritage, and Geological Parks
      • Ministry of Water Resources’ Functions of Managing Nature Reserves, Scenic Areas, Natural Heritage, and Geological Parks
      • State Oceanic Administration’s Functions of Managing Nature Reserves, Scenic Areas, Natural Heritage, and Geological Parks
      State Administration and Forestry and Grassland
      • Under the administration of the Ministry of Natural Resources
      • Use the name State Administration of National Parks
      • State Intellectual Property Office
      • State Administration of Industry and Commerce’s Function of Trademark Management
      • General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine’s Function of “Place of Origin” Label Management
      State Intellectual Property Office
      • Under the administration of the State Market Supervision Administration
      National Social Security Fund Council
      • Under the administration of the State Council
      National Social Security Fund Council
      • Under the administration of the Ministry of Finance
      Organizations Collecting National and Local Tax (Provincial-level and Below) Merge into One Tax Organization
      • Under the administration of mainly the State Administration of Taxation, and same-level government