Charting the 2018 Russia World Cup Players' Height, Weight, and Age by Position and by Country

Jul 2, 2018 · 439 words · 3-minute read #sports #football #soccer #world cup #data #r

FIFA has published the height, weight, and date of birth of all players in all 32 countries’ squads. I chart them below by player position and by country.

By Position

Each red dot below represents a player, and the black dot is the average height and weight of 20-year-old US males. I could not find similar data on young men from European or Latin American countries, hence I ended up using the US data.

player_size_pos_en

Other than showing that goalkeepers are bigger in size, the above chart does not tell us much. We thus proceed by merging the FIFA dataset with more detailed player position classification data from Transfermarkt. Transfermarkt assigns each player a single position, so no player appears twice in the chart below. Granted, most players can play multiple positions, and their positions change during the game as well, depending on the team strategy. But the Transfermarkt classification is the most comprehensive dataset we can find, so we group player size data by it below.

player_size_trans_en

Next we look at age. The two charts below, combined with the size data we have seen so far, show that as expected, players in offensive roles are generally younger and smaller, whereas players in defensive roles are generally older and bigger.

age_boxplot_by_pos

(The numbers in brackets denote the number of players in this position.)

age_boxplot_by_trans_position

By Country

If we group the player size and age data by country, we see large differences in height, weight, and age.

Judging by each team’s median height, the tallest countries (Serbia and Denmark) are around 10cm taller than the shortest countries (Argentina and Saudi Arabia).

height_boxplot_by_country

Similarly, judging by each team’s median weight, the heaviest country (Denmark) is around 10kg heavier than the lightest country (Japan).

weight_boxplot_by_country

Probably a useless statistic, the BMI of each country’s players is charted below:

(BMI = weight / height ^2)

bmi_boxplot_by_country

Last, we look at age. The oldest team (Argentina) is five years older than the youngest teams (England, France, and Nigeria).

The first elimination-stage game between Argentina and France was thus a game of the biggest age difference. It will be interesting to see if a young team such as England or France triumphs or an older team such as Brazil becomes the champion.

age_boxplot_by_country

Perhaps it will be none of the three favorites. Of the eight teams favorite to win the 2018 World Cup prior to the start of the game, four have already been eliminated.(I obtained the list of eight favorites by looking at betting markets odds prior to the start of the World Cup. The favorites are, in the order of winning odds, Brazil, Spain, Germany, France, Belgium, Argentina, England, and Portugal.)